Certification as a professional in image processing by Eye Vision Technology


Image processing is a complex and very extensive topic. In order to be able to use the multitude of different application possibilities and functions optimally, EVT has been offering training courses on various topics of image processing for several years. The participants will learn how to use it correctly, as well as the numerous functions and possible uses of the innovative EyeVision software.

EVT now also offers the first free certification program in addition to free knowledge sharing. The webinar participants can participate and benefit from the advantages. After successfully completing a test that is independent of time and location, the participants receive a certificate and are allowed to bear the title “certified Eye Vision Technology professional in image processing”. The certification comes with numerous advantages, such as saving 10 percent with every order via EVT, the permission to use prioritized support via an exclusive acceptance point and an entry as a certified professional in image processing on the highly frequented Eye Vision homepage.

Certification not only benefits companies, but also customers. Because the certificate enables transparency about the knowledge of the person responsible in the field of image processing and the use of image processing software.

You can find out more about the criteria and registration for the free certification program at www.evt-web.com.

BlueBotics’ ANT® Navigation Drives Autonomous Vehicles Over 10 Million Kilometers

St-Sulpice, Switzerland, February18, 2021 – BlueBotics, the global leader in natural feature navigation, has announced its Autonomous Navigation Technology (ANT®) is now estimated to have driven automated guided vehicles (AGVs) and autonomous mobile robots (AMRs) over 10 million kilometers, in applications ranging from warehousing and manufacturing to commercial cleaning services, UVC disinfection and more.

Dr. Nicola Tomatis, CEO of BlueBotics, said, “The timing of this milestone is perfect as it comes the same month that we celebrate the company’s 20-year anniversary. It is amazing to think that our customers’ ANT® driven vehicles have driven over 10 million kilometers, almost 250 times the circumference of the globe. This achievement really speaks to the robustness of our industry-proven ANT® technology.”



ANT® navigation is popular with manufacturers and end users of AGVs, automated forklifts and AMRs, since it simplifies and shortens vehicle installation times as well as providing flexible, accurate and user-friendly operation. The technology suits a myriad of vehicle types and kinematics, from small 100 kg AMRs to 30-ton heavy load transporter AGVs. In addition, with BlueBotics’ accompanying ANT® server software, users whose vehicles are driven by BlueBotics’ ANT® lite+ product can create and operate a synchronized fleet of ANT® driven vehicles, no matter what the type or even brand. All of these vehicles are able to interact seamlessly with on-site equipment and machinery, including an organization’s existing WMS/MES/ERP software, using ANT® server’s simple API.

Dr. Tomatis continued, “In arriving at our 10-million-kilometer milestone, we conservatively estimate that AGVs driven by ANT® technology have worked more than one million days – over 2,500 years – of commercial operation.”

“It is exciting to see the impact ANT® technology is having, both on the AGV market and – most importantly – on the efficiency of those companies that operate ANT® driven vehicles. With our continuing strong growth, it shouldn’t be long before ANT® driven products will have circumnavigated the globe 500 times!”

About BlueBotics

BlueBotics is the reference in natural feature navigation and has the mission to help companies meet the challenge of vehicle automation. With its 20 years of industry experience, the company provides the autonomous navigation technology (ANT®) and expert support customers need to bring their AGV, automated forklift or mobile robot successfully to market. Today, there are more than 2,000 ANT® driven vehicles in operation worldwide. https://www.BlueBotics.com

e-spool flex for continuous panel feed in industrial robots

New slip ring-free igus cable unwinder allows easy cable management

February 9, 2021 – igus has developed the e-spool® flex 2.0, a new cable reel that has no slip ring that is perfect for industrial robot users. This allows for easy management of robot teach pendants and the system even supplies bus signals without interruptions, which can be typical with slip rings.

The solution can extend cables up to 50 feet and is flexible, movable, and easily stowed. Installation into a robot’s control center is simple with the included mounting hardware.

The new e-spool flex captured the attention of ARAGON in Germany, as it offers a complete solution including a standard harnessed cable with connectors and mounting hardware for the company’s industrial robots.

Cable drum without a slip ring

The e-spool® flex 2.0 is igus’ version of a cable drum without a slip ring. The cable is safely routed through a feed-through to ensure that it is always properly wound. Cable diameters of 5-15 millimeters can be used.

The unit can be installed on the floor, ceiling, or wall and safely guides media power, data, or air in one system. The space-saving design includes a locking mechanism on the cable, and is adaptable to technological developments by simply replacing the used cable. The design is also cost-effective in case of repair as it allows for the replacement of individual components.

Other features on the product include a snail mechanism that allows for uninterrupted cable connection and easy insertion of existing cable even when connectors are already attached. The system also has high-transmission reliability and various winding variants.

The e-spool® flex 2.0 can be used whenever a cable must be moved freely during use and must be stowed away safely and cleanly after use.

Successful robot rehabilitation

ARAGON Industrieelektronik GmbH’s successfully proved the effectiveness of the e-spool® flex 2.0. The business’ primary objective is to breathe new life into old robots. The leading industrial robotics provider offers global solutions for repairing, maintaining, retrofitting, and tuning industrial robots. The company was looking for a practical cable solution specifically for use in control panels.

“We are always trying to ensure our customers’ safety with innovative solutions. Until now, the cable was always on the floor, which made it easy to damage or trip over. We went looking for a cable reel that had no interruptions and was quick and easy to retrofit,” said Iryna Geike, Global Country Manager at ARAGON.

The company found what it was looking for in igus. “The new e-spool® flex cable reel system was introduced to us and won us over immediately,” Geike said.

A critical advantage for the company was the ability of the e-spool® flex 2.0 to allow existing panel cables to be inserted into the system’s spiral guide and automatically rolled up. “Our customers now receive a pre-assembled set consisting of the e-spool flex, ARAGON panel mount, cable, and a robot control cabinet mounting bracket for their control panels. The e-spool flex greatly extends the service life of the cable used and ensures more safety and order in the control panel,” Geike said.

Rolling and unrolling cables: manually or automatically

igus offers the e-spool® flex in several variants. One is a low-cost version with a manual turner or a cordless screwdriver to wind up the cable. Another is an automatic solution with a spring-driven return mechanism, a locking mechanism, and an optional retraction brake.

ARAGON decided on the variant with the retaining spring. The cable roller is available in three sizes for cables with diameters of 5 to 15 millimeters and extension lengths of 5 to 15 meters.

Cables can be replaced quickly at any time. In addition to subsequent integration of the e-spool® flex into an existing cable system, igus offers the cable reel solution fully harnessed with chainflex cables specifically designed for moving applications. Cable durability in the e-spool® flex is currently being extensively tested in the in-house 3,800 square meter igus test laboratory. For more information on the e-spool flex 2.0 visit the igus website.

fruitcore robotics – Industrieroboter HORST zeigt Fingerspitzengefühl

HORST kann auch feinfühlig 🙂 In diesem Video transportiert Industrieroboter HORST900 mit dem RG2 von OnRobot Sushi und Eier und zeigt uns dabei sein Fingerspitzengefühl.

Mehr Informationen über HORST und fruitcore robotics: https://www.fruitcore-robotics.com

Mobile shelf system for AMRs

TruShelf is a mobile shelf system for common AMRs that enables the autonomous transport of small load carriers in the intra logistic sector. It expands an AMR‘s degree of utilization by bundling various transports in one route. The lifting unit enables variable loading and unloading heights. The modular shelves in the depot unit can be adjusted to the desired box height. Combined with the fleet management system TruFleet for intelligent navigation, TruShelf is the ideal solution for efficient transport of small load carriers and for automated material supply to assembly stations or machines in intralogistics.

TruShelf is available in two variants: as a complete solution including MiR200 or as a partial solution without AMR. The great advantage of this is that the shelving system can be easily integrated into existing AMRs from common manufacturers. This ensures the optimal use of existing resources and thus saves avoidable costs.

Dimensions of a shelf module: 300 x 400 mm (on request 400 x 600 mm)

Highlights

Functions

  • Bundled transport of up to 5 small load carriers of different sizes and weights at the same time (sizes: from 75x105x160 mm to 400x600x300 mm according to requirement)
  • Autonomous loading and unloading of storage and conveyor systems in different positions and heights (loading height: 550 mm-1.400 mm depending on box size and application field)
  • Just-in-time transport and flexible response on changing demands
  • Ergonomic and safe collaboration between man and machine for manual loading and unloading
  • Intelligent route finding and fleet intelligence through TruFleet (fleet management system) and TruOS (operating system)
  • Flexible integration into existing logistics systems

Benefits

Economic and Ecologic

  • Increase of efficiency up to 400% through transport optimization and intelligent route finding
  • Savings in storage costs due to just-in-time transport
  • Less AMRs and lower traffic density on the shop floor
  • Expected ROI after 12-18 months

Industry 4.0 optimized

  • Autonomous and collaborative support for employees in intralogistics
  • Process optimization through intelligent navigation and swarm intelligence
  • Flexible integration into existing systems and M2M communication

Areas of Application

  • Delivery to assembly stations
  • Supply of machines (e.g. injection molding machines) with empty containers as well as removal of manufactured products
  • Transportation of goods in warehouses
  • Complementary flexibility to existing conveyor and racking systems

Transfer Systems as Material Interface

  • Flow rack
  • Conveyor belt
  • Tugger train

Software

TruOS – Robot Operating System

  • Plug & Play: Switch on, map, recognize stations and get started
  • Access to a wide range of AI services and computing resources
  • Fast and latency-free control of robotic systems
  • AIO intel i7 with 15.6 inch touch display, 256 GB SSD, 8 GB RAM

TruFleet – Fleet Management System

  • Autonomous navigation
  • Determination of the optimal route from millions of transport variants
  • Up to 10 transport orders within one route
  • Fleet intelligence for the coordination of mobile robots
  • Savings of up to 40% of the original robot travel time and energy costs

https://rbtx.com/en/solutions/other/mobile-shelf-system-amr-autonomous-mobile-robot-transportof-load-carriers-intra-logistic

Mobiles Regalsystem für AMRs

TruShelf ist ein mobiles Regalsystem für gängige AMRs und ermöglicht den automatisierten Transport von Kleinladungsträgern im intralogistischen Warenverkehr. Es erweitert den Nutzungsgrad eines AMR durch die Bündelung der Transporte. Die Hubeinheit ermöglicht eine variable Be- und Entladehöhe. Die modularen Regalplätze in der Magazineinheit sind auf die gewünschte Kistenhöhe einstellbar. Kombiniert mit dem Flottenmanagementsystem TruFleet zur intelligenten Routenfindung ist das TruShelf die ideale Lösung für den effizienten Transport von Kleinladungsträgern sowie für die automatisierte Materialversorgung von Montagestationen oder Maschinen in der Intralogistik.

TruShelf ist in zwei Varianten erhältlich: Als Komplettlösung inklusive MiR200 oder als Teillösung ohne AMR. Der große Vorteil daran ist, dass das Regalsystem unkompliziert auf bereits vorhandene AMRs gängiger Hersteller integriert werden kann. Dies gewährleistet die optimale Nutzung bestehender Ressourcen und sorgt damit einhergehend für die Einsparung vermeidbarer Kosten.

Maße eines Regalmoduls: 300 x 400 mm (auf Anfrage 400 x 600 mm)

https://rbtx.com/de/solutions/other/mobile-shelf-system-amr-autonomous-mobile-robot-transportof-load-carriers-intra-logistic

Autovol™ Robots and Solutioneers™ Now Building Affordable Housing

First-of-its kind Idaho factory nears completion of five-story San Jose, CA apartment building.

Just over two years since breaking ground, Autovol is now using automation in new ways as it nears completion of its first major affordable housing project. The project, Virginia Street Studios, will make high quality apartment homes more affordable to seniors in San Jose, one of America’s 10 most expensive cities.

Autovol builds with people and robots.

The 400,000 square foot Autovol factory has now successfully deployed its unique combination of construction trades and robotic automation. Autovol has hired more than 100 employees, which the company calls Solutioneers. Led by CEO Rick Murdock and co-developed by The Pacific Companies, Autovol is pioneering a new kind of modular construction.

“Automation and robotics will lead the world into the future of housing,” Murdock said. “What we’re doing hasn’t been attempted before. Our investors and Solutioneers leaned in with lots of confidence, and now we’re seeing great results that prove they were right.”

According to Murdock, automated modular construction is designed to “take the back-breaking work off of people, and use new techniques that weren’t humanly possible.” Robotics empower the company to create new kinds of careers and a culture designed to “raise the bar of career satisfaction in construction,” Murdock said. The company is staffing up toward an expected team of 300-plus Solutioneers, and already has 600 modular units on its docket, with capacity for more.

Besides its own team of Solutioneers, Autovol has helped create over 100 jobs for the various companies helping build, tool-up, and service this first-of-its kind factory. One of these is House of Design, an automation and robotics firm also based in Nampa, Idaho. According to Shane Dittrich, House of Design founder, the company has grown by helping develop this new kind of automation.

“The collaborative effort of people and industrial robots in the off-site construction space provides endless opportunities. We can’t solve the problems of unavailable labor and housing affordability without automation,” Dittrich said. “We also don’t solve these problems without visionary companies willing to take a chance and endure unavoidable speedbumps on the road to extraordinary success. We applaud Autovol for their commitment and we’re excited to be on the forefront of realized robotics for construction technology.”

Virginia Studios will be a five-story, 301-unit complex that will be over-podium, including underground parking. Automation is doing a substantial portion of the work, with Solutioneers skilled in the construction trades doing finishing work and other key tasks.

To learn more about Autovol, its vision, culture, current openings, and the Virginia Street Studios project, visit the company’s just-updated website at http://www.autovol.com

For more information about House of Design Robotics, one of Idaho’s leading automation companies, visit http://www.thehouseofdesign.com

For information about Pacific Companies, developer of The Virginia Street project, and a national leader in affordable housing development, visit http://www.tpchousing.com

Hannover Messe 2021: Neuer igus Getriebe-baukasten für innovative Cobot-Ideen

Kostengünstige und leichte Plug&Play-Kombination aus Getriebe, Encoder, Controller, Kraftregelung und Motor für die Servicerobotik

„Einen Robot to go, bitte!” – Mit dem leichten Getriebebaukasten von igus lassen sich neue Ideen im Bereich der Servicerobotik einfach und kostengünstig umsetzen. (Quelle: igus GmbH)

Köln, 3. Februar 2021 – Das Potenzial für die Servicerobotik ist enorm: In Küchen und Bars, in der Pflege, auf dem Acker oder in der Logistik helfen Leichtbauroboter, monotone oder nicht ergonomische Aufgaben zu automatisieren. Damit sich solche neuen Konzepte einfach und vor allem kostengünstig umsetzen lassen, stellt igus zur Hannover Messe einen neuen Getriebebaukasten für Cobots vor. Im Zentrum steht dabei das vollintegrierte Tribo-Wellgetriebe mit Motor, Absolutwert-Encoder, Kraftregelung und Controller.

„Wir befähigen Konstrukteure mit unseren Low-Cost-Automation-Lösungen kostengünstig in die Zukunft der Servicerobotik einzusteigen“, macht Stefan Niermann, in der erweiterten igus Geschäftsführung für den Bereich Low-Cost-Automation zuständig, deutlich. „Das eröffnet Raum für ganz neue Ideen im Bereich der Automatisierung: Roboter, die im Einzelhandel Kaffee ausschenken oder zuhause die Spülmaschine ausräumen können. Cobots, die in der Pflege eingesetzt werden, ebenso wie in der Industrie – und das alles made in Germany.“ Eine besonders wichtige Rolle spielen dabei die Getriebe, denn sie sind das Herzstück eines jeden modernen Roboters. Daher hat der motion plastics Spezialist igus im letzten Jahr eine neue Generation an Tribo-Wellgetrieben für die Bewegung an der 5. Roboterachse vorgestellt. Reibung und Verschleiß werden durch schmierfreie Tribo-Polymere optimiert. Der Einsatz von Kunststoffen ermöglicht eine äußerst kompakte Bauweise und eine kostengünstige Herstellung. Das drygear Wellgetriebe kann beispielsweise in der letzten Achse von Gelenkarm-, Portal- und Delta-Robotern vor verschiedenen Greifersystemen eingesetzt werden. Der neue Getriebebaukasten für Cobots, den igus auf der Hannover Messe 2021 zeigt, ergänzt nun das breite igus Angebot im Bereich der Low-Cost-Automation. Diese Plug&Play-Lösung hilft dabei, spannende Cobot-Ideen schnell in die Tat umzusetzen, ganz ohne sich Gedanken zur Leistungselektronik machen zu müssen.

Vollintegriertes Wellgetriebe für Low-Cost-Cobot-Anwendungen
Der Getriebebaukasten besteht aus Tribo-Wellgetrieben in den Größen 80 und 105 mit integriertem Motorcontroller, Kraftregelungselektronik, Absolutwert-Encoder und Motor. Im Getriebe kommen Tribo-Wellgenerator und Tribo-Flexring mit Außenverzahnung sowie ein Außenläufer Brushless DC Motor zum Einsatz. Auf Basis der Getriebe lässt sich mithilfe von Verbindungselementen ein individueller Roboter konstruieren, dank der zusätzlichen elektronischen Komponenten auch als Cobot. „Wir sehen für unsere leichten Kunststoff-Wellgetriebe Marktchancen in Robotern, die komplett unter 8kg wiegen“, stellt Alexander Mühlens, Leiter Low-Cost-Automation bei igus, heraus. „Denn bei der Robotik in der Low-Cost-Automation ist neben der Traglast und einem günstigen Preis immer auch das Eigengewicht wichtig. So lassen sich leichte Roboter einfacher transportieren und effizienter auf fahrerlose Transportsysteme, auf 7. Roboterachsen oder in naher Zukunft sogar an Drohnen einsetzen.“ Das geringe Gewicht ist auch beim Einsatz in Cobots ein deutlicher Pluspunkt, denn kleinere Massen bedeuten auch kleinere Kräfte bei Kollisionen. Dank der elektronischen Komponenten im vollintegrierten Wellgetriebe sind MRK-Fähigkeiten möglich. Mittels Absolutwert-Encoder-Technologie können Kräfte wie auch Momente über den Motorstrom ermittelt und sicher begrenzt werden. Dafür setzt igus auf einen Doppelencoder, bei dem eine Messung vor und hinter dem Gelenk erfolgt, um Kräfte und Drehmomente zu erkennen und darauf reagieren zu können.

igus Angebot im Bereich Low-Cost-Automation wächst kontinuierlich
Auch in einer neuen Version des igus Serviceroboters ReBeL sollen die neuen vollintegrierten Wellgetriebe in diesem Jahr zum Einsatz kommen. Diese Robotergeneration wird dadurch wesentlich schlanker und durch die integrierten BLDC-Motoren mit Leistungselektronik günstig. Alexander Mühlens stellt heraus: „Unser Ziel ist es, den ReBeL bereits ab geringen Stückzahlen für 2.900 Euro auf den Markt zu bringen. Er soll 2kg tragen können, eine Reichweite von bis zu 650 Millimetern besitzen, sowie ein Eigengewicht von unter 10kg und eine Mindestlaufzeit von 2 Millionen Zyklen.“ Der Cobot-Getriebebaukasten ergänzt das breite Portfolio von igus im Bereich der Low-Cost-Automation – von Getrieben über verschiedenste Roboterkinematiken bis hin zur Steuerung. Low-Cost-Automation bedeutet dabei sowohl kostengünstige Einstiegspreise als auch nur so viel zu automatisieren wie notwendig. Dadurch amortisiert sich die Investition innerhalb weniger Monate. Der neue Getriebebaukasten wird auch auf RBTX.com verfügbar sein. Auf dem Online-Marktplatz können sich Interessenten ihre Roboterkinematik mit Vision-, Safety- oder Greiferkomponenten so zusammenstellen, dass sie ihren Anforderungen und ihrem Budget genau entspricht. Dabei gilt das Versprechen, das alles zusammenpasst, sowohl auf Hardware- als auch auf Software-Seite – gemäß des igus Ansatzes „Build or Buy“, einen Roboter selbst zusammenstellen oder eine fertige Lösung erhalten.

Boston Dynamics expands Spot® product line

NEW SELF-CHARGING ENTERPRISE ROBOT, REMOTE OPERATION SOFTWARE, AND ROBOT ARM ENHANCE SPOT’S CAPABILITIES FOR AUTONOMOUS SITE MONITORING


Waltham, MA – February 2, 2021 – Boston Dynamics, the global leader in mobile robotics, today announced an expanded product line for its agile mobile robot Spot. The new products include a self-charging Enterprise Spot, web-based remote operations software, Scout, and the Spot Arm. These additions extend Spot’s ability to perform autonomous, remote inspections and data collection, and enable the robot to perform manual tasks.

With more than 400 Spots out in the world, the robot has successfully undertaken hazardous tasks in a variety of inhospitable environments such as nuclear plants, offshore oil fields, construction sites, and mines. Customers have leveraged Spot’s advanced mobility, autonomy, control, and customizability to improve operational efficiency, enhance worker safety, and gather critical data. Spot’s new products are designed to enable customers to fully operationalize continuous, autonomous data collection on remote or hazardous worksites of any size, from anywhere they have access to their network.

Autonomy is critical to enhancing Spot’s value. In order to support long, remote deployments, Boston Dynamics is introducing Spot Enterprise, a new version of Spot that comes equipped with self-charging capabilities and a dock, allowing it to perform longer inspection tasks and data collection missions with little to no human interaction. In addition to the basic capabilities that the base Spot robot offers, Spot Enterprise leverages upgraded hardware for improved safety, communications, and behavior in remote environments. These upgrades expand the range that autonomous missions can cover, extend WiFi support, add flexibility to Spot’s payload ports, and enable users to quickly offload large data sets collected during the robot’s mission.

Pivotal to refining Spot’s value at scale is remote operation. Scout is Boston Dynamics’ web-based software that enables operators to control their fleet of Spots from a virtual control room. Operators can use Scout to take Spot anywhere a person could go on-site, allowing them to inspect critical equipment or hazardous areas from afar. The software is designed with a simple user interface to run pre-programmed autonomous missions or manually control the robot, to perform various tasks such as walking or posing the robot to capture images and thermal data of obscured gauges or pipes using the Spot CAM+IR thermal imaging payload.

Combined, the Spot Enterprise robot equipped with a Spot CAM+IR thermal imaging payload, Scout software, and Boston Dynamics’ premium support now create an out-of-the-box solution for asset-intensive environments. Operators can deploy this solution on site to proactively maintain and manage assets while maximizing worker uptime and improving worker safety.

In addition to launching products designed to make remote inspection safer and easier, Boston Dynamics is also releasing the Spot Arm, which enables users to act on data insights and perform physical work in human-centric environments. The arm is equipped to operate through both semi-autonomous actions and telemanipulation. It can manually or semi-autonomously grasp, lift, carry, place, and drag a wide variety of objects. It is also capable of manipulating objects with constrained movement and can open and close valves, pull levers and turn handles and knobs in coordination with its body to open standard push and pull doors.

“Since first launching Spot, we have worked closely with our customers to identify how the robot could best support their mission critical applications,” said Robert Playter, CEO of Boston Dynamics. “Our customers want reliable data collection in remote, hazardous, and dynamic worksites. We developed the new Spot products with these needs in mind, and with the goal of making it easy to regularly and remotely perform critical inspections, improving safety and operations.”

Interested parties can purchase Spot Enterprise, Scout, and the Spot Arm via Boston Dynamics’ sales team. For more information on these new offerings, please visit: www.bostondynamics.com.



About Boston Dynamics

Boston Dynamics is the global leader in developing and deploying highly mobile robots capable of tackling the toughest robotics challenges. Our core mission is to lead the creation and delivery of robots with advanced mobility, dexterity and intelligence that add value in unstructured or hard-to-traverse spaces and positively impact society. We create high-performance robots equipped with perception, navigation and intelligence by combining the principles of dynamic control and balance with sophisticated mechanical designs, cutting-edge electronics and next-generation software. We have three mobile robots in our portfolio – Spot®, Handle™ and Atlas® – as well as Pick™, a computer vision-based robotics solution for logistics. Founded in 1992, Boston Dynamics spun out of the MIT Leg Lab and is one of Inc. Magazine’s Best Workplaces of 2020. For more information on our company and its technologies, please visit www.bostondynamics.comhttp://www.bostondynamics.com.

Robot Race: The World´s Top 10 automated countries

Jan 27, 2021 — The average robot density in the manufacturing industry hit a new global record of 113 units per 10,000 employees. By regions, Western Europe (225 units) and the Nordic European countries (204 units) have the most automated production, followed by North America (153 units) and South East Asia (119 units).

The world´s top 10 most automated countries are: Singapore (1), South Korea (2), Japan (3), Germany (4), Sweden (5), Denmark (6), Hong Kong (7), Chinese Taipei (8), USA (9) and Belgium and Luxemburg (10). This is according to the latest World Robotics statistics, issued by the International Federation of Robotics (IFR).

“Robot density is the number of operational industrial robots relative to the number of workers,” says Milton Guerry, President of the International Federation of Robotics. “This level measurement allows comparisons of countries with different economic sizes in the dynamic automation race over time.”

The country with the highest robot density by far remains Singapore with 918 units per 10,000 employees in 2019. The electronics industry, especially semiconductors and computer peripherals, is the primary customer of industrial robots in Singapore with shares of 75% of the total operational stock.

South Korea comes second with 868 units per 10,000 employees in 2019. Korea is a market leader in LCD and memory chip manufacturing with companies such as Samsung and LG on top and also a major production site for motor vehicles and the manufacturing of batteries for electric cars.

Japan (364 robots per 10,000 employees) and Germany (346 units), rank third and fourth respectively. Japan is the world´s predominant robot manufacturing country – where even robots assemble robots: 47% of the global robot production are made in Nippon. The electrical and electronics industry has a share of 34%, the automotive industry 32%, and the metal and machinery industry 13% of the operational stock. Germany is by far the largest robot market in Europe with 38% of Europe’s industrial robots operating in factories here. Robot density in the German automotive industry is among the highest in the world. Employment in this sector rose continuously from 720,000 people in 2010 to almost 850,000 people in 2019.

Sweden remains in 5th position with a robot density of 274 units operating with a share of 35% in the metal industry and another 35% in the automotive industry.

Robot density in the United States increased to 228 robots. In 2019, the US car market was again the second largest car market in the world, following China, with the second largest production volume of cars and light vehicles. Both USA and China are considered highly competitive markets for car manufacturers worldwide.

The development of robot density in China continues dynamically: Today, China’s robot density in the manufacturing industry ranks 15th worldwide. Next to car production, China is also a major producer of electronic devices, batteries, semiconductors, and microchips.